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Health Topics

  • Q: ADHD What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children. Children with ADHD have impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and in relationships with peers. If untreated, the disorder can have long-term adverse effects into adolescence and adulthood.

    Signs & Symptoms

    Symptoms of ADHD will appear over the course of many months, and include:
    Impulsiveness: a child who acts quickly without thinking first.
    Hyperactivity: a child who can't sit still, walks, runs, or climbs around when others are seated, talks when others are talking.
    Inattention: a child who daydreams or seems to be in another world, is sidetracked by what is going on around him or her.

    How is it diagnosed?

    If ADHD is suspected, the diagnosis should be made by a professional with training in ADHD. This includes child psychiatrists, psychologists, developmental/behavioral pediatricians, behavioral neurologists, and clinical social workers. After ruling out other possible reasons for the child’s behavior, the specialist checks the child’s school and medical records and talks to teachers and parents who have filled out a behavior rating scale for the child. A diagnosis is made only after all this information has been considered.

    Treament

    Effective treatments for ADHD are available, and include behavioral therapy and medications.

    Learn More

     

  • Q: Autism Spectrum Disorders What are Autism Spectrum Disorders?

    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs), cause severe and pervasive impairment in thinking, feeling, language, and the ability to relate to others. These disorders are usually first diagnosed in early childhood and range from a severe form, called autistic disorder, through pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), to a much milder form, Asperger syndrome. They also include two rare disorders, Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder.

    Signs & Symptoms

    Parents are usually the first to notice unusual behaviors in their child. In some cases, the baby seemed "different" from birth, unresponsive to people or focusing intently on one item for long periods of time. The first signs of an autism spectrum disorder can also appear in children who had been developing normally. When an affectionate, babbling toddler suddenly becomes silent, withdrawn, self-abusive, or indifferent to social overtures, something is wrong.

    Treatment

    There is no single best treatment package for all children with ASD. Decisions about the best treatment, or combination of treatments, should be made by the parents with the assistance of a trusted expert diagnostic team.

  • Q: Bipolar Disorder What is Bipolar Disorder?

    Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a serious medical illness that causes shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function. Different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through, the symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe.

    Signs & Symptoms

     

    Bipolar disorder causes dramatic mood swings from overly "high" and/or irritable to sad and hopeless, and then back again, often with periods of normal mood in between. Severe changes in energy and behavior go along with these changes in mood. The periods of highs and lows are called episodes of mania and depression.

    Treatment

    Most people with bipolar disorder can achieve substantial stabilization of their mood swings and related symptoms over time with proper treatment. A strategy that combines medication and psychosocial treatment is optimal for managing the disorder over time.

    Related Information

    Bipolar Spectrum Disorder is rare among children. But for parents who may have concerns about their youngster’s behavior, Dr. Ellen Leibenluft talks about possible warning signs. Dr. Leibenluft is Senior Investigator and Chief of the Bipolar Spectrum Disorder Section at the National Institute of Mental Health.

    Signs & Symptoms

     

  • Q: Borderline Personality Disorder What is Borderline Personality Disorder?

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior.

    Treatment

    Treatments for BPD have improved in recent years. Group and individual psychotherapy are at least partially effective for many patients.

    Related Information

    Borderline Personality Disorder Information and Organizations from NLM's MedlinePlus (Español) Some mental illnesses also carry an increased risk for suicide.

  • Q: Depression What is Depression?

    Depression is a serious medical illness; it’s not something that you have made up in your head. It’s more than just feeling "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. It’s feeling "down" and "low" and "hopeless" for weeks at a time.

    Signs & Symptoms

    Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood
    Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
    Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
    Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed More about Signs & Symptoms »

    Treatment

    A variety of treatments including medications and short-term psychotherapies have proven effective for depression.

  • Q:Eating Disorders What Are Eating Disorders?

    An eating disorder is marked by extremes. It is present when a person experiences severe disturbances in eating behavior, such as extreme reduction of food intake or extreme overeating, or feelings of extreme distress or concern about body weight or shape.

    Types of eating disorders

    • Anorexia Nervosa
    • Bulimia Nervosa
    • Binge-Eating Disorder

     

    Treatment

    Researchers are unsure of the underlying causes and nature of eating disorders. Unlike a neurological disorder, which generally can be pinpointed to a specific lesion on the brain, an eating disorder likely involves abnormal activity distributed across brain systems. With increased recognition that mental disorders are brain disorders, more researchers are using tools from both modern neuroscience and modern psychology to better understand eating disorders.

  • Q: Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that affects about 1.1 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year. People with schizophrenia sometimes hear voices others don’t hear, believe that others are broadcasting their thoughts to the world, or become convinced that others are plotting to harm them. These experiences can make them fearful and withdrawn and cause difficulties when they try to have relationships with others.

    Signs & Symptoms

    Symptoms usually develop in men in their late teens or early twenties and women in the twenties and thirties, but in rare cases, can appear in childhood. They can include hallucinations, delusions, disordered thinking, movement disorders, flat affect, social withdrawal, and cognitive deficits.

    Treatment

    A This is a time of hope for people with schizophrenia. Although the causes of the disease have not yet been determined, current treatments can eliminate many of the symptoms and allow people with schizophrenia to live independent and fulfilling lives in the community.

  • Clinic Hours

    Mon: 9am-5pm
    Tues-Thurs: 12pm-5pm
    Fri: 9am-1pm
    Sat: 9am-12pm
    vgavinimd@yahoo.com

    Gavini ADHD Clinic

    26850 Providence Parkway
    Suite 300
    Novi, Michigan
    48374
    (248) 348-4200